Welcome to the Bangladesh Biochar Initiative (BBI). The BBI was started as a volunteer organization for sharing information on biochar technology in Bangladesh.  Participants include rural extension workers, technicians, homestead gardeners, students and scientists. The BBI hosts seminars and workshops, and will summarize local research results as they become available.  The BBI project was proposed at “The Colloquium on Biochar in Bangladesh” hosted by in 2013 by the Christian Commission for Development in Bangladesh (CCDB, Dhaka).  The BBI was initiated in 2015 with Mr. Joyanta Adhikari (Executive Director of CCDB), as BBI’s first Executive Director.

Biochar is charcoal specifically made for adding to soil. It is made from organic residues that are carbonized at temperatures between 450 – 850+ °C in the absence of oxygen (pyrolysis) or with restricted oxygen (gasification).

Jute stick and rice-hull briquette biochar from a gasifier cookstove.
Jute stick and rice-hull briquette biochar from a gasifier cookstove.

People have known for millennia that the ash and charcoal remains from hearths are good for plant growth.  However, only in the last couple of decades have soil scientists realized that charcoal can be particularly beneficial for tropical soils that are low in organic matter, because biochar is much more resilient to decomposition in soil than normal plant residues: biochar may be used to create long-lasting increases in soil organic matter and plant productivity.

Climate change and global population growth make the use of biochar even more important. With biochar we can increase crop tolerance to stresses caused by variable weather, and increase food security at the local level in homestead gardens. An ideal use for biochar is in organic waste management. When biochar is combined with compost or manure it will adsorb soluble minerals and nitrogen, and reduce gaseous loss of nitrogen to the atmosphere. Biochar systems are usually carbon-negative, sequestering carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it in the soil.

For more information on the science of biochar, go to the International Biochar Initiative.

Prototype concrete TLUD
Prototype top-lit updraft gasifier cookstove designed by Islam and Winter (2015)

The science of biochar is quite young with World-wide research picking-up momentum around 2000-2005. New discoveries are being made about its production, uses and safety. New technology, however, must be appropriate to Bangladesh. It needs to be debated, modified and tested, and the results distributed.

A project that is particularly suited to Bangladesh is to make biochar in rural homes as a by-product of cooking. There is no easy supply of biomass in Bangladesh for making biochar. Most of the biomass is already spoken for as cooking fuel in rural and peri-urban households.  However, if biochar can be made as a by-product of cooking, then we will not be competing with existing uses of biomass.  A gasifier cookstove—”The Agricultural Friend Stove” (“AFS” or ‘Krishi Bandhu Chula’ in Bangla; also called the “Akha Chula”) — was designed for the Christian Commission for Development in Bangladesh (CCDB) for rural Bangladeshi homes.  Introducing the AFS to villages requires people to learn about two technologies at the same time: how to use the AFS, and how to use biochar in agriculture and gardening. These two technologies are synergistic.  The gasifier cooks cleanly and saves fuel, whilst producing biochar.  The biochar saves the cost of fertilizer, increase yields, and improves soil organic matter.  These benefits from biochar help to drive the acceptance of the AFS stove.   Projects like these require multi-disciplinary teamwork.   To accomplish this, the BBI works to build professional relationships between NGOs, government scientists, industry and universities.

Contact: email us: info_at_biochar-bangladesh.org

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